The Forts and Fortifications of Europe 1815-1945: The Central States

The Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland
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Author(s): H.W. Kaufmann
Original Publish Date: Oct 30, 2014
Product Number: EB00811366
Released: Feb 25, 2020
Business Term: Purchase
ISBN: #9781473841062
Publisher: Pen & Sword Books
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Description

After the Napoleonic Wars the borders of Europe were redrawn and relative peace endured across the region, but the volatile politics of the late nineteenth century generated an atmosphere of fear and distrust, and it gave rise to a new era of fortress building. In the neutral states situated between France and Germany - The Netherlands, Belgium and Switzerland - the need for extensive fixed defences was particularly urgent, and this is the subject of this highly illustrated new study. The strategic thinking that gave rise to these defensive schemes is described in detail, as is the planning, design and construction of the lines themselves. Their operational history in wartime, in particular during the Second World War, is a key element of this expert account.

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