Muhammad Abduh (1849-1905) is widely regarded as the founder of Islamic modernism. Egyptian jurist, religious scholar and political activist, he sought to synthesise Western and Islamic cultural values. Arguing that Islam is essentially rational and fluid, Abduh maintained that it had been stifled by the rigid structures implemented in the generations since Muhammad and his immediate followers. In this absorbing biography, Mark Sedgwick examines whether Abduh revived true Islam or instigated its corruption. Mark Sedgwick is Associate Professor of Arab History, Culture and Society at Aarhus University in Denmark.
by Mark Twain
by Mark Sedgwick
by Leo Tolstoy
by Wilkie Collins
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